Voting Policy and COVID-19

UPDATED: 5/15/20

Nonprofit VOTE joins with others in calling on Congress to include an additional $3.6 billion in funding, as part of the next Coronavirus relief package, to help states ensure their elections are COVID-ready this fall. This funding will enable states to expand mail-in voting options, ensure in-person voting is safe, and more (see below).

The recent CARES Act included $400 million in funding for state election offices “to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, domestically or internationally, for the 2020 Federal election cycle,” but that investment was significantly short of what advocates had asked for. States will need far more funding, free of state matching requirements, to ensure our elections in 2020 can be held is a safe manner amidst the ongoing pandemic. 

This additional $3.6 billion was included in the $3 trillion bill recently passed by the House, but passage in the Senate remains questionable. This investment would support the kind of policy changes outlined by the Brennan Center which looks at voting policies in five major areas: 

Voter Registration
 
  • Accessible online voter registration (OVR) should be available in all states. OVR systems must be assessed and bolstered now to ensure they can accommodate a surge and are fully accessible to all voters; all states that don’t yet have the system in place should work now to set up online voter registration. This will be the safest method by which citizens register to vote.
  • Allow same-day voter registration for all voters in this election.
  • States must also extend voter registration deadlines in light of likely curtailment of government services and other potential online breakdowns. 
 
Early In-Person Voting
 
  • States should expand early voting options and allow at least two weeks of early in-person voting to reduce long lines and administrative stress on Election Day. Once doing so, elections administrators must educate the public about these options and urge them to come in early; such announcements benefit all.
  • Early voting sites should follow the same procedures outlined for polling places which we have detailed below.
 
Voting by Mail
 
  • Mail-in ballot options should be made available to all registered voters (not just those on absentee voter lists). All voters should have ballots mailed to them and be provided with a list of options as to how to cast their completed ballots (including pre-paid postage for mail return).
  • Given that mail-in voting may be the only option for people who need assistance, or who are immune-compromised, to cast a ballot, states must allow voters who cannot vote in person – particularly people with disabilities, illness, or language assistance needs – to obtain assistance completing and submitting ballots from individuals they designate.
  • Options for requesting, receiving, and returning mail-in ballots should be expanded, while maintaining the security of the voting system. States should offer multiple methods of requesting mail-in ballots, including online, in person, by phone, and by mail. Secure options for returning ballots should be expanded and deadlines for mail-in ballots to be requested and returned should be relaxed. 
 
Polling Place Adjustments
 
  • Jurisdictions with polling places must follow public health guidelines while continuing to provide voting services at these sites. In-person voting is essential given that many people (including Native American tribes living on tribal lands) do not have access to mail voting. Denying these in-person voting options in some circumstances amounts to a violation of federal voting rights law.
  • State and local officials must make any necessary modifications regarding polling place site determinations and administration of those locations. When considering such modifications, election administration officials must identify locations that both protect vulnerable communities and ensure that Black, Latino, Asian, and Native American racial and language minority voters, voters with disabilities, and students have the access they need to cast their vote.
  • Jurisdictions should prepare for a surge in provisional voting due to delays in the processing of voter registration applications, voter confusion resulting from polling place closures and consolidations, and unfamiliarity with absentee voting.
  • Polling places must be adequately sanitized to prevent transmission of the virus, and should follow guidance issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (including requiring sick poll workers to stay home, regularly cleaning frequently touched surfaces, disinfecting potentially contaminated surfaces, such as voting machines and other equipment, and frequent hand washing and sanitizing).
  • Polling places should be reconfigured in order to adhere to “social distancing” protocol, creating additional space between voting booths, poll workers, and voters standing in line. 
 
Voter Education and Combating Misinformation:
 
  • States must undertake aggressive voter education campaigns as they make necessary changes to their policies and practices, and must additionally counter any disinformation (intentional or not) with facts and accurate information.

Click here for a more detailed breakdown of the House bill and what policies are included.